Walking Thru The Bible

Old Testament -- 1 & 2 Samuel

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           Walking Thru The Bible
              		1 & 2 SAMUEL
           AUTHOR:  Much of these two books were written by the prophet
          whose name the books bear, Samuel.  But not all of it could be
          authored by him, for it records his death and some subsequent events. 
          I Chronicles 29:29-30 provides the information for us that the
          material in this time of Israel's history was recorded by Samuel, and
          the prophets Nathan and Gad who followed him.

               Samuel was Judge, Prophet and Priest.  He was a Levite, a
          descendant of Kohath (1 Chron. 6:26, 33), and was not redeemed at
          birth but was dedicated to the Lord from his infancy (thus he
          belonged to God and God's use).  Geographically he was an
          DATE:  First Samuel begins with the birth of Samuel in about 1100
          BC to the death of King Saul in 1010 BC.  Second Samuel begins at
          that time frame and continues with Israel's history till the death of
          David in 970 BC.
          STRUCTURE:   The events of 1st and 2nd Samuel cover roughly
          130 years.  The lives of three great men of this period overlap in the
          first book.   The prominent characters of FIRST SAMUEL are:

               SAMUEL:   The Last of the Judges      -- Ch. 1 - 8
       SAUL:     The First of the Kings      -- Ch. 8 - 15
       DAVID:    The Anointed Successor      -- Ch. 16 - 31
          The book of SECOND SAMUEL is the "Book of David's Reign."  It
          opens with David reigning in Judah immediately after Saul's death. 
          The book closes just before David's death when he "was old and
          stricken in year."   Its structure looks like this:

         David's Triumphs      -- Ch.  1 - 12
         David's Troubles      -- Ch. 13 - 24
          IMPORTANT CHARACTERS:  Three great characters and many
          other important ones, are found in this time of Israel's history. We are
          probably more familiar with the stories of this part of the Old
          Testament than any other.  
               The stories of Eli, Samuel, Saul and David stand at the forefront,
          but also there are the stories of Saul's general Abner, and David's
          general Joab, and of Goliath, Jonathan and the rebellion of David's
          son Absalom against his father, and David and Bathsheba's sin which
          all occur within the time frame of these two books of the Old
          Testament.  There are many lessons to be learned from man's
          weakness and sin and God's love and forgiveness.  We learn that
          obedience will be rewarded and disobedience will be severely
          OUTLINE:  A more detailed outline of First Samuel would be:
               Ch. 1 - 12     Judgeship of Samuel
                 1:1-2:11     Birth and infancy of Samuel
                 2:12-3:21    Childhood of Samuel
                 4:1-22       Loss of the ark and end of Eli's house
                 5 - 7        Captivity of the Ark
                 8 - 10       Installation of Saul as Israel's first king
                 11 - 12      Samuel's retirement
               Ch. 13-31   Reign of Saul       
                 13-14     Early days of Saul's reign and victories
                 15        God's rejection of Saul
                 16        David chosen as Saul's successor
                 17        David's meeting with Goliath
                 18        Saul's reception of David into his court
                 19        David's flight from Saul's court
                 20        David's farewell to Jonathan
                 21        David's flight from Saul to Gath
                 22-23     Saul's reprisals against & pursuit of David
                 24        Saul's life spared by David
                 24-26     David's continued flight from Saul
                 27        David's second flight to Gath
                 28-29     Preparations for Saul's last battle
                 30        David's return to Ziklag
                 31        Saul's last battle, his and Jonathan's death.
          An Outline of Second Samuel:
           Ch. 1 - 12     David's Triumphs
                 1 - 4        David at Hebron (Civil war period)
                 5 - 12       David King of all Israel at Jerusalem
                 7:8-16       The Davidic Covenant
                 8-10         David's reign at its highest - victory abounds
                 11           David's great sin
                 12           David's confession
           Ch. 13 - 24    David's Troubles
                 13-14        David has problems with his children
                 15-18        Absalom's rebellion
                 19-24        David is forgiven, his kingdom reestablished.

          Some Lessons For Us From The Book of First Samuel
          1.   From Eli, Samuel, and David we learn that it is possible for great
                         men to fail as fathers.
          2.   From Saul we also learn that great advantages and remarkable
                         opportunities do not guarantee success.
          3.   We learn that there is nothing that will take the place of
                         obedience to God  (I Samuel 15:22).
          4.   The experiences of the past are recorded to provide lessons of
                         warning and encouragement for the present (Romans 15:4).
          Some Lessons from the Book of Second Samuel
          1.   In David we see something of how God providentially cares for
                         those whose heart are set on him and who want to do His will.
          2.   From the time of Israel's civil war between generals Joab and
                         Abner we learn a lesson about the folly of division (A house
                         divided cannot stand).
          3.   There is a major lesson to be learned from David on the folly of
                         fleshly lusts which war against the soul.
          4.   We can learn a great lesson on the proper attitude needed for the
                         heart and how one must deal with sin in his life.
          5.   We learn that truly God's grace and mercy is great!
          6.   Other thought-provoking lessons to be learned:
               a.   David recognized the chief good even in his enemies
                              (2 Samuel 2:33, 38).
               b.   The contents of a prayer from a sincere and thankful heart (2
                              Samuel 7:18-29).
               c.   The proper attitude in the death of a child (2 Samuel 22-23)
               d.   The kind of friend that no one needs  (2 Samuel 13:1-3).
               e.   The feelings of old age (2 Samuel 19:35).
               f.   When it is better to fall into God's hands rather than men's (2
                              Samuel 24:14).
- - - SERMON - - -

                             David and Mephibosheth
                                      2 Samuel 9

          1.   The story of David and Mephibosheth is one of the many fine
                         stories in the Old Testament with a great lesson for us today
                         (Romans 15:4).

          2.   It points out some of the finer virtues of a good character and
                         emphasizes the value of good friendships and their effect in later

          3.   The background on the story of Mephibosheth (2 Samuel 4).
          I.   DAVID and MEPHIBOSHETH
          1.   David had a  desire to remember for good Saul and Jonathan
                         (2 Samuel 9:1) "Is there anyone left of the house of Saul that I
                         may show him kindness for Jonathan's sake?"

               a.   Our thoughts in hours of quietness when alone show what we
                              really are at heart.

               b.   Do we fill our heart and dwell on mistreatment we have
                              received from others?

               c.   Do we look for opportunities to do good?
          2.   From David we see the power of sacred associations and
                         friendship of the past.

               a.   Evidently this thought came upon David as he walked down
                              memory lane and his soul was touched again by his memories
                              of Jonathan's friendship.

               b.   The power of good memories can have long lasting effect
                              upon others.
          II.  FOR JONATHAN'S SAKE   (2 Samuel 9:7)
          1.   Children may be blessed after their parents are gone by good
                         deeds done to others.

          2.   Nothing could be done for Jonathan but that was no excuse for
                         doing nothing.  He could do the next best thing.

               a.   One person was overheard saying, "I don't know how I will
                              ever be able to repay all the kindness shown me."

          1.   Picture what David did "For Jonathan's Sake" for  Mephibosheth.

          2.   Picture what God has done "For Jesus' Sake" for us.
               a.   2 Cor. 4:5;  Eph. 4:32.

          3.   What if Mephibosheth had rejected David's love? 

-- Windell Gann -- Walking Thru the Bible --

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