The School of Cosmic Ray Astrophysics owes its existence to the great statesman of cosmic ray science: Prof. Maurice M. Shapiro. Prof Shapiro's scientific reputation has been built on many factors including: the quality of his personal research that has covered many aspects of cosmic ray research; his outstanding personal integrity; the clarity of his lectures; and his foundation of the School of Cosmic Ray Astrophysics. His great contributions to cosmic ray science was honored in 1995 at the 24th International Cosmic Ray conference in Rome Italy where he was chosen to give the prestigious HESS lecture. This lecture, in honor of the Viktor Hess who discovered cosmic rays, is a great challenge since it is aimed both at practicing scientists and interested members of the general public. It acts as an ambassador for the entire science. To add to the challenge the organizers brought the lecture forward one day with only half a days warning! Prof. Shapiro's legendary communication acumen did not fail. The large audience was treated to a masterful presentation.