James Garfield, the 20th president of the United States, was also a high ranking mason and taught ancient languages and literature at Hiram College. Garfield was assassinated in 1881, less than a year after taking office. In 1887 his memorial statue was built southwest of the Capitol on Maryland Avenue. One of the plaques on the base of the monument is a bas relief of the earth, surrounded by the planets on orbital tracks and the signs of the zodiac.
The earth is tilted in such a way that the southeastern coast of Alaska is several degrees to the right of the top of the globe, but the horizon ring that crosses the earth is also tilted downward from left to right. Although neither the coastlines or meridians are particularly accurate, the horizon ring is perpendicular to the southeastern coast of Alaska, closely approximating the prehistoric alignment of world wonders as it crosses over the equatorial Atlantic coastline of South America and the northeastern coast of Africa near the Great Pyramid.