Alabama Mollusks -- Candidates

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The following list of Alabama mollusks were "candidates" for protection under the Endangered Species Program before the candidate program was restructured. This data was taken from the US Fish and Wildlife Endangered Species Program home page and was dated November 15, 1994. Several species have since been officially recognized as Endangered or Threatened. If possible, those species were removed from this listing. This list should not be considered authoritative. Constructive feedback on this page should be sent to dwills@hiwaay.net.

This same data may be viewed in table format if your browser has tables capabilities.


Database Structure (from left to right):
Each data field is separated by a vertical line ( | ).

Go to: [SNAILS]

CLAMS & MUSSELS (Mollusks, Class Bivalvia)

2 | D | R6 | Alasmidonta marginata | Unionidae | Elktoe | AL, IN, KS, MD, OK, MI, MO, MN, ND, NY, OH, OK, PA, SD, TN, VA, WI, WV, Canada.

2 | D | R4 | Cumberlandia monodonta (Say, 1829) | Margaritiferidae | Spectacle case (pearly mussel) | AL, AR, IA, IN, IL, KY, MO, NE, OH, TN, VA, WI.

2 | U | R4 | Elliptio nigella (I. Lea, 1852) | Unionidae | Winged spike (=recovery pearly mussel) | AL, GA.

2 | D | R4 | Epioblasma triquetra (Rafinesque, 1820) | Unionidae | Snuffbox mussel | AL, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MS, MI, MO, OH, PA, TN, VA, WI, WV, Canada.

2 | U | R4 | Fusconaia escambia Clench and Turner, 1956 | Unionidae | Narrow pigtoe (mussel) | AL, FL.

2 | D | R4 | Lampsilis australis Simpson, 1900 | Unionidae | Southern sandshell (mussel) | AL, FL.

2 | D | R4 | Lampsilis binominata Simpson, 1900 | Unionidae | Lined pocketbook (mussel) | AL, GA.

2 | D | R4 | Lampsilis haddletoni Athearn, 1964 | Unionidae | Haddleton lampmussel | AL, FL.

2 | D | R4 | Lasmigona holstonia (I. Lea, 1838) | Unionidae | Tennessee heelsplitter (mussel) | AL, GA, IL, IN, KY, TN, VA.

2 | D | R4 | Lexingtonia dolabelloides (I. Lea, 1840) | Unionidae | Slabside pearlymussel | AL, TN, VA.

2 | D | R4 | Margaritifera marrianae Johnson, 1983 | Margaritiferidae | Alabama pearlshell | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Obovaria rotulata (B.H. Wright, 1899) | Unionidae | Round ebonyshell (mussel) | AL, FL.

2 | D | R4 | Pleurobema pyramidatum (=rubrum) (Rafinesque, 1820) | Unionidae | Pink pigtoe (mussel) | AL, KY, MS, TN.

2 | D | R4 | Pleurobema rubellum (Conrad, 1834) | Unionidae | Warrior pigtoe (mussel) | AL.

2 | D | R4 | Pleurobema strodeanum (B.H. Wright 1898) | Unionidae | Fuzzy pigtoe (mussel) | AL, FL.

2 | D | R4 | Pleurobema verum (I.Lea, 1860) | Unionidae | True pigtoe (mussel) | AL.

2 | D | R4 | Ptychobranchus jonesi (van der Schalie, 1934) | Unionidae | Southern kidneyshell (mussell) | AL, FL.

2 | D | R4 | Quadrula cylindrica cylindrica (Say, 1817) | Unionidae | Rabbitsfoot (mussel) | AL, AR, IL, IN, KY, MO, OH, OK, PA, TN, WV.

2 | D | R4 | Quincuncina burkei Walker, 1922 | Unionidae | Tapered pigtoe (mussel) | AL, FL.

2 | U | R4 | Villosa choctawensis Athearn, 1964 | Unionidae | Choctaw bean (=Choctaw pearly mussel) | AL, FL.

2 | U | R5 | Villosa fabalis (Lea, 1831) | Unionidae | Rayed bean (mussel) | AL, IL, IN, KY, MI, NY, OH, TN, PA, VA, WV, Canada.

Go to: [CLAMS & MUSSELS] -- [Top of Page]

SNAILS (Mollusks, Class Gastropoda)

2 | U | R4 | Amphigyra alabamensis Pilsbry, 1906 | Planorbidae | Shoal sprite (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Antrorbis breweri Herschler & Thompson, 1990 | Hydrobiidae | (Snail, no common name) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Campeloma decampi (``Currier'' Binney, 1865) | Viviparidae | Slender campeloma (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Clappia cahabensis Clench, 1965 | Hydrobiidae | Cahaba pebblesnail | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Clappia umbilicata (Walker, 1904) | Hydrobiidae | Umbilicate pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia acuta (I. Lea, 1831) | Pleuroceridae | Acute elimia (snail) | AL, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia alabamensis (I. Lea, 1861) | Pleuroceridae | Mud elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia albanyensis (=Goniobasis a.) (I. Lea, 1864) | Pleuroceridae | Black-crest elima (=Albany snail) | AL, GA.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia ampla (Anthony, 1854) | Pleuroceridae | Ample elimia (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia annettae (Goodrich, 1941) | Pleuroceridae | Lily Shoals elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia bellula (I. Lea, 1861) | Pleuroceridae | Walnut elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia boykiniana (I. Lea, 1840) | Pleuroceridae | Flaxen elimia (snail) | AL, GA.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia brevis (Reeve, 1860) | Pleuroceridae | Short-spire elimia (snail) | AL.

3C | N | R4 | Elimia cahawbensis (I. Lea, 1841) | Pleuroceridae | Cahaba elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia capillaris (I. Lea, 1861) | Pleuroceridae | Spindle elimia (snail) | AL, GA.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia fascinans (I. Lea, 1861) | Pleuroceridae | Banded elimia (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia fusiformis (I. Lea, 1861) | Pleuroceridae | Fusiform elimia (snail) | AL.

3C | N | R4 | Elimia gerhardti (I. Lea, 1862) | Pleuroceridae | Coldwater elimia (snail) | AL, GA.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia hartmaniana (I. Lea, 1861) | Pleuroceridae | High-spired elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Athearnia anthonyi (Redfield, 1854) | Pleuroceridae | Anthony's river snail | AL, GA, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia haysiana (I. Lea, 1843) | Pleuroceridae | Silt elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia hydei (Conrad, 1834) | Pleuroceridae | Gladiator elimia (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia impressa (I. Lea, 1841) | Pleuroceridae | Constricted elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia interveniens (I. Lea, 1862) | Pleuroceridae | Slowwater elimia (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia jonesi (Goodrich, 1936) | Pleuroceridae | Hearty elimia (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia laeta (Jay, 1839) | Pleuroceridae | Ribbed elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia nassula (Conrad, 1834) | Pleuroceridae | Round-rib elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia olivula (Conrad, 1834) | Pleuroceridae | Caper elimia (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia pilsbryi (Goodrich, 1927) | Pleuroceridae | Rough-lined elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia porreta (I. Lea, 1863) | Pleuroceridae | Nymph elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia prestriata (I. Lea, 1852) | Pleuroceridae | Engraved elimia (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia pupaeformis (I. Lea, 1864) | Pleuroceridae | Pupa elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia pybasi (I. Lea, 1862) | Pleuroceridae | Spring elimia (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia pygmaea (H. H. Smith, 1936) | Pleuroceridae | Pygmy elimia (snail) | AL.

3C | N | R4 | Elimia showalteri (I. Lea, 1860) | Pleuroceridae | Compact elimia (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Elimia vanuxemiana (I. Lea, 1843) | Pleuroceridae | Cobble elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Elimia varians (I. Lea, 1861) | Pleuroceridae | Puzzle elimia (snail) | AL.

3C | N | R4 | Elimia variata (I. Lea, 1861) | Pleuroceridae | Squat elimia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Ferrissia mcneili Walker, 1925 | Ancylidae | Hood ancylid (snail) | AL, FL.

2 | U | R4 | Glyphyalinia pecki Hubricht, 1966 | Zonitidae | Blind glyph (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Gyrotoma excisa (I. Lea, 1843) | Pleuroceridae | Excised slitshell | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Gyrotoma lewisi (I. Lea, 1869) | Pleuroceridae | Striate slitshell | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Gyrotoma pagoda (I. Lea, 1845) | Pleuroceridae | Pagoda slitshell | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Gyrotoma pumila (I. Lea, 1860) | Pleuroceridae | Ribbed slitshell | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Gyrotoma pyramidata (Shuttleworth, 1845) | Pleuroceridae | Pyramid slitshell | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Gyrotoma walkeri (H. H. Smith, 1924) | Pleuroceridae | Round slitshell | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Leptoxis clipeata (H. H. Smith, 1922) | Pleuroceridae | Agate rocksnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Leptoxis compacta (Anthony, 1854) | Pleuroceridae | Oblong rocksnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Leptoxis crassa (=Athearnia c.) (Haldeman, 1841) | Pleuroceridae | Boulder (=crass river) snail | AL, GA, TN.

3A | N | R4 | Leptoxis formanii (I. Lea, 1843) | Pleuroceridae | Interrupted rocksnail | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Leptoxis formosa (I. Lea, 1860) | Pleuroceridae | Maiden rocksnail | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Leptoxis ligata (Anthony, 1860) | Pleuroceridae | Rotund rocksnail | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Leptoxis lirata (H. H. Smith, 1922) | Pleuroceridae | Lyrate rocksnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Leptoxis melanoidus (Conrad, 1834) | Pleuroceridae | Black mudalia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Leptoxis minor (Hinckley, 1912) | Pleuroceridae | Knob mudalia (snail) | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Leptoxis occulata (H. H. Smith, 1922) | Pleuroceridae | Bigmouth rocksnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Leptoxis picta (Conrad, 1834) | Pleuroceridae | Spotted rocksnail | AL.

3A | N | R4 | Leptoxis showalteri (I. Lea, 1860) | Pleuroceridae | Coosa rocksnail | AL. 

2 | U | R4 | Leptoxis virgata (I. Lea, 1841) | Pleuroceridae | Smooth rocksnail | AL, TN, NC.

3A | N | R4 | Leptoxis vittata (I. Lea, 1860) | Pleuroceridae | Striped rocksnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Lithasia armigera (Say, 1821) | Pleuroceridae | Armored rocksnail (=armigerous river snail) | AL, IN, KY, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Lithasia armigera (Say, 1821) | Pleuroceridae | Armored rocksnail | AL, IN, KY, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Lithasia curta (I. Lea, 1868) | Pleuroceridae | Knobby rocksnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Lithasia geniculata (Haldeman, 1840) | Pleuroceridae | Ornate rocksnail (=geniculate river snail) | AL, KY, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Lithasia lima (Conrad, 1834) | Pleuroceridae | Warty rocksnail (=Elk River file snail) | AL, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Lithasia salebrosa (Conrad, 1834) | Pleuroceridae | Muddy rocksnail (=rugged river snail) | AL, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Lithasia verrucosa (Rafinesque, 1820) | Pleuroceridae | Varicose rocksnail (=verrucose file snail) | AL, KY, OH, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Mesodon clausus trossulus Hubricht, 1966 | Polygyridae | (Snail, no common name) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Neoplanorbis carinatus Walker, 1908 | Planorbidae | (Snail, no common name) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Neoplanorbis smithi Walker, 1908 | Planorbidae | (Snail, no common name) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Neoplanorbis tantillus Pilsbry, 1906 | Planorbidae | (Snail, no common name) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Neoplanorbis umbilicatus Walker, 1908 | Planorbidae | (Snail, no common name) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Pleurocera (=Elimia) annulifera (Conrad, 1834) | Pleuroceridae | Ringed hornsnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Pleurocera alveare (Conrad, 1834) | Pleuroceridae | Rugged hornsnail | AL, AR, KY, MO, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Pleurocera brumbyi (I. Lea, 1852) | Pleuroceridae | Spiral hornsnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Pleurocera corpulenta (Anthony, 1854) | Pleuroceridae | Corpulent hornsnail | AL, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Pleurocera curta (Haldeman, 1841) | Pleuroceridae | Shortspire hornsnail | AL, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Pleurocera foremani (I. Lea, 1843) | Pleuroceridae | Rough hornsnail | AL, GA.

2 | U | R4 | Pleurocera postelli (I. Lea, 1862) | Pleuroceridae | Broken hornsnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Pleurocera pyrenella (Conrad, 1834) | Pleuroceridae | Skirted hornsnail | AL, GA.

2 | U | R4 | Pleurocera showalteri (I. Lea, 1862) | Pleuroceridae | Upland hornsnail | AL, GA.

2 | U | R4 | Pleurocera walkeri Goodrich, 1928 | Pleuroceridae | Telescope hornsnail | AL, TN.

2 | U | R4 | Pyrgulopsis (=Marstonia) sp. | Hydrobiidae | Briley Creek pyrg (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Pyrgulopsis (=Marstonia) sp. | Hydrobiidae | Spring Creek pyrg (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Pyrgulopsis (=Marstonia) sp. | Hydrobiidae | Flint River pyrg (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Pyrgulopsis olivacea (=Marstonia o.) (Pilsbry, 1895) | Hydrobiidae | Olive marstonia (snail) | AL.

2 | S | R4 | Pyrgulopsis pachyta (=Marstonia p.) (F. G. Thompson, 1977) | Hydrobiidae | Armored (=thick-shelled) marstonia (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Rhodacmea elatior (Anthony, 1855) | Ancylidae | Domed ancylid (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Rhodacmea filosa (Conrad, 1834) | Ancylidae | Wicker ancylid (snail) | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus aureus Tryon, 1865 | Hydrobiidae | Golden pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus biangulatus Walker, 1906 | Hydrobiidae | Angular pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus constrictus Walker, 1904 | Hydrobiidae | Knotty pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus coosaensis Walker, 1904 | Hydrobiidae | Coosa pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus crassus Walker, 1904 | Hydrobiidae | Stocky pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus currierianus (I. Lea, 1863) | Hydrobiidae | Tennessee pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus deciphens Walker, 1909 | Hydrobiidae | Hidden pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus excavatus Walker, 1906 | Hydrobiidae | Ovate pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus hendersoni Walker, 1909 | Hydrobiidae | Fluted pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus hinkleyi Walker, 1904 | Hydrobiidae | Granite pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus humerosus Walker, 1906 | Hydrobiidae | Atlas pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus nanus Walker, 1904 | Hydrobiidae | Dwarf pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus obtusus Walker, 1904 | Hydrobiidae | Moon pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus pilsbryanus Walker, 1904 | Hydrobiidae | Tallapoosa pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus pygmaeus Walker, 1909 | Hydrobiidae | Pygmy pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus quadratus Walker, 1906 | Hydrobiidae | Quadrate pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus sargenti Pilsbryi, 1895 | Hydrobiidae | Mud pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus strengi Pilsbry & Walker, 1906 | Hydrobiidae | Rolling pebblesnail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Somatogyrus tennesseensis Walker, 1906 | Hydrobiidae | Opaque pebblesnail | AL, TN.

2 | S | R4 | Stiobia nana (Thompson, 1978) | Hydrobiidae | Sculpin snail | AL.

2 | U | R4 | Vertigo alabamensis Clapp, 1915 | Pupillidae | Alabama vertigo (snail) | AL.

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Page Curator: Deborah Wills (dwills@HiWAAY.net)
Last Revised: 26 March 1996 (dw) (12-23-98)