PRIMARY SOURCES OF LAW
(updated Aug. 18, 2017)

Many in the Freedom Movement who are interested in legal arguments too often rely on self-proclaimed “gurus” because of the lack of access to fundamental legal sources. At times, arguments asserted by these gurus (if the argument is not just completely fabricated) cite particular legislative acts for amazing propositions that are readily believed by those who don’t know differently. For example, the “redemptionists” claimed that the 1935 Social Security Act set aside approximately 600,000 bux “on the private side” for everyone having a social security account. But a reading of the act itself reveals this contention to be just another (of the great many) lies of the gurus, who intentionally (like their employer) deceive the masses. In the past, a guru speaking on the weekend seminar circuit alleged that the International Sovereign Immunities Act placed all government offices under the UN. Proof that this is just another big lie promoted by deceptive gurus is proven by simply reading the act itself.

Of course, the United States Constitution is a primary source of federal legal authority. Another primary source of legal authority is the U.S. Statutes at Large. After ratification of the U.S. Constitution, Congress started meeting in Philadelphia and enacting federal laws. Acts adopted by Congress are presented to the President for signing, and thereafter delivered to the State Department for archival purposes. For the first 50 years of this country’s existence, these federal laws were published and made available to the public by a publishing firm named Bioren and Duane as well as Justice Story. In the early 1840s, Justice Story spearheaded a project to republished these Congressional acts in an official publication, and Congress agreed in 1845. By 1848, another law publishing company, Little and Brown from Boston, published the first official U.S. Statutes at Large, and today this publication constitutes the official source for acts of Congress.  Starting in 1875 and continuing ever since, actual printing of the U.S. Statutes at Large has been performed by the U.S. Government Printing Office.

Today on the Net, large portions of these U.S. Statutes at Large can be read and downloaded on this official government website and this one. But the entire U.S. Statutes at Large appear nowhere on the Net.  Years ago, I converted the Statutes at Large to searchable text and requested Jon Roland to post the same on his Constitution Society website.  The volumes of the Statutes at Large are linked below:

Vol. 1, U.S. Statutes at Large (1789-99) (52MB)

Vol. 2, U.S. Statutes at Large (1799-1813) (67MB)

Vol. 3, U.S. Statutes at Large (1813-23) (65MB)

Vol. 4, U.S. Statutes at Large (1824-35) (68MB)

Vol. 5, U.S. Statutes at Large (1836-45) (68MB)

Vol. 9, U.S. Statutes at Large (1845-51) (83MB)

Vol. 10, U.S. Statutes at Large (1851-55) (56MB)

Vol. 11, U.S. Statutes at Large (1855-59) (50MB)

Vol. 12, U.S. Statutes at Large (1859-63) (70MB)

Vol. 13, U.S. Statutes at Large (1863-65) (53MB)

Vol. 14, U.S. Statutes at Large (1865-67) (48MB)

Vol. 15, U.S. Statutes at Large (1867-69) (30MB)

Vol. 16, U.S. Statutes at Large (1869-71) (52MB)

Vol. 17, U.S. Statutes at Large (1871-73) (55MB)

Vol. 18, U.S. Statutes at Large (1873-75) (72MB)

Vol. 19, U.S. Statutes at Large (1875-77) (35MB)

Vol. 20, U.S. Statutes at Large (1877-79) (42MB)

Vol. 21, U.S. Statutes at Large (1879-81) (43MB)

Vol. 22, U.S. Statutes at Large (1881-83) (53MB)

Vol. 23, U.S. Statutes at Large (1883-85) (45MB)

Vol. 24, U.S. Statutes at Large (1885-86) (54MB)

Vol. 25, U.S. Statutes at Large (1887-89) (89MB)

Vol. 26, U.S. Statutes at Large (1889-91) (100MB)

Vol. 27, U.S. Statutes at Large (1891-93) (68MB)

Vol. 28, U.S. Statutes at Large (1893-95) (83MB)

Vol. 29, U.S. Statutes at Large (1895-97) (62MB)

Vol. 30, U.S. Statutes at Large (1897-99) (121MB)

Vol. 31, U.S. Statutes at Large (1899-1901) (125MB)

Vol. 32, U.S. Statutes at Large (1901-03) (110MB)

Vol. 33, U.S. Statutes at Large (1903-05) (115MB)

Vol. 34, U.S. Statutes at Large (1905-07) (118MB)

Vol. 35, U.S. Statutes at Large (1907-09) (98MB)

Vol. 36, U.S. Statutes at Large (1909-11) (115MB)

Vol. 37, U.S. Statutes at Large (1911-13) (83MB)

Vol. 38, U.S. Statutes at Large (1913-15) (100MB)

Vol. 39, U.S. Statutes at Large (1915-17) (100MB)

Vol. 40, U.S. Statutes at Large (1917-19) (117MB)

Vol. 41, U.S. Statutes at Large (1919-21) (129MB)

Vol. 42, U.S. Statutes at Large (1922) (92MB)

Vol. 43, U.S. Statutes at Large (1923-25) (120MB)

Vol. 44, U.S. Statutes at Large (1925-27) (128MB)

Vol. 45, U.S. Statutes at Large (1927-29) (147MB)

Vol. 46, U.S. Statutes at Large (1929-31) (138MB)

Vol. 47, U.S. Statutes at Large (1931-33) (126MB)

Vol. 48, U.S. Statutes at Large (1933-34) (108MB)

Vol. 49, U.S. Statutes at Large (1935-36) (171MB)

Vol. 50, U.S. Statutes at Large (1937) (77MB)

Vol. 51, U.S. Statutes at Large (1937) ((19MB)

Vol. 52, U.S. Statutes at Large (1938) (107MB)

Vol. 53, U.S. Statutes at Large (1939) (79MB)

Vol. 54, U.S. Statutes at Large (1939-41) (106MB)

Vol. 55, U.S. Statutes at Large (1941-42) (71MB)

Vol. 56, U.S. Statutes at Large (1942) (88MB)

Vol. 57, U.S. Statutes at Large (1943) (49MB)

Vol. 58, U.S. Statutes at Large (1944) (76MB)

Vol. 59, U.S. Statutes at Large (1945) (55MB)

Vol. 60, U.S. Statutes at Large (1946) (88MB)

Vol. 61, U.S. Statutes at Large (1947) (76MB)

Vol. 62, U.S. Statutes at Large (1948) (103MB)

Vol. 63, U.S. Statutes at Large (1949) (87MB)

Vol. 64, U.S. Statutes at Large (1950) (102MB)

Vol. 65, U.S. Statutes at Large (1951) (58MB)

Vol. 66, U.S. Statutes at Large (1952) (61MB)

Vol. 67, U.S. Statutes at Large (1953) (47MB)

Vol. 68, U.S. Statutes at Large (1954) (94MB)

Vol. 69, U.S. Statutes at Large (1955) (53MB)

Vol. 70, U.S. Statutes at Large (1956) (85MB)

Vol. 71, U.S. Statutes at Large (1957) (47MB)

Vol. 72, U.S. Statutes at Large (1958) (126MB)

Vol. 73, U.S. Statutes at Large (1959) (52MB)

Vol. 74, U.S. Statutes at Large (1960) (74MB)

Vol. 75, U.S. Statutes at Large (1961) (60MB)

Vol. 76, U.S. Statutes at Large (1962) (89MB)

Vol. 77, U.S. Statutes at Large (1963) (59MB)

Vol. 78, U.S. Statutes at Large (1964) (77MB)

Vol. 79, U.S. Statutes at Large (1965) (91MB)

Vol. 80, U.S. Statutes at Large (1966) (105MB)

Vol. 81, U.S. Statutes at Large (1967) (64MB)

Vol. 82, U.S. Statutes at Large (1968) (96MB)

Vol. 83, U.S. Statutes at Large (1969) (56MB)

Vol. 84, U.S. Statutes at Large (1970) (149MB)

Vol. 85, U.S. Statutes at Large (1971) (56MB)

Vol. 86, U.S. Statutes at Large (1972) (110MB)

Vol. 87, U.S. Statutes at Large (1973) (73MB)

Vol. 88, U.S. Statutes at Large (1974) (166MB)

Vol. 89, U.S. Statutes at Large (1975) (71MB)

Vol. 90, U.S. Statutes at Large (1976) (181MB)

Vol. 91, U.S. Statutes at Large (1977) (98MB)

Vol. 92, U.S. Statutes at Large (1978) (233MB)

Vol. 93, U.S. Statutes at Large (1979) (82MB)

Vol. 94, U.S. Statutes at Large (1980) (224MB)

Vol. 95, U.S. Statutes at Large (1981) (110MB)

Vol. 96, U.S. Statutes at Large (1982) (152MB)

Vol. 97, U.S. Statutes at Large (1983) (86MB)

Vol. 98, U.S. Statutes at Large (1984) ((199MB)

Vol. 99, U.S. Statutes at Large (1985) (114MB)

Vol. 100, U.S. Statutes at Large (1986) (308MB)

Vol. 101, U.S. Statutes at Large (1987) (169MB)

Vol. 102, U.S. Statutes at Large (1988) (293MB)

Vol. 103, U.S. Statutes at Large (1989) (149MB)

Vol. 104, U.S. Statutes at Large (1990) (343MB)

Vol. 105, U.S. Statutes at Large (1991) (139MB)

Vol. 106, U.S. Statutes at Large (1992) (303MB)

Vol. 107, U.S. Statutes at Large (1993) (141MB)

Vol. 108, U.S. Statutes at Large (1994) (300MB)

Vol. 109, U.S. Statutes at Large (1995) (52MB)

Vol. 110, U.S. Statutes at Large (1996) (308MB)

Vol. 111, U.S. Statutes at Large (1997) (8MB)

Vol. 112, U.S. Statutes at Large (1998) (14MB)

Vol. 113, U.S. Statutes at Large (1999) (8MB)

Vol. 114, U.S. Statutes at Large (2000) (15MB)

Vol. 115, U.S. Statutes at Large (2001) (10MB)

Vol. 116, U.S. Statutes at Large (2002) (14MB)

Vol. 117, U.S. Statutes at Large (2003) (12MB)

Vol. 118, U.S. Statutes at Large (2004) (19MB)

Vol. 119, U.S. Statutes at Large (2005) (10MB)

Vol. 120, U.S. Statutes at Large (2006) (10MB)

Vol. 121, U.S. Statutes at Large (2007) (6.6MB)

Vol. 122, U.S. Statutes at Large (2008)

Vol. 123, U.S. Statutes at Large (2009)

Vol. 124, U.S. Statutes at Large (2010)

Vol. 125, U.S. Statutes at Large (2011)

Vol. 126, U.S. Statutes at Large (2012)

Vol. 127, U.S. Statutes at Large (2013)

Vol. 128, U.S. Statutes at Large (2014)

Vol. 129, U.S. Statutes at Large (2015)

Vol. 130, U.S. Statutes at Large (2016)

Finding a specific act of Congress is easy. For example, a student might run across a reference to the Legal Tender Act of 1862, 12 Stat. 345. To find this act with its citation,one would simply pull Volume 12 of the U.S. Statutes at Large, and turn to page 345. The first number, in this example, 12, is the volume number and the second number, 345, is the page number in that volume.

In 1926 pursuant to a Congressional act, the United States Code was created. Please see this article, Titles of the U.S. Code, for an explanation of how this Code was created. The first U.S.Code was published in a single volume, and it may be downloaded (in a searchable format) here, 1926 US Code.

Prior versions of the U.S. Code may be downloaded here.

Prior versions of the Code of Federal Regulations may be downloaded here

Daily issues of the Federal Register may be downloaded here.

Do you have trouble finding good state constitutions and codes posted on the Net? Here they are:

State Codes:

Alabama Constitution
Alabama Code

Alaska Constitution
Alaska Code

Arizona Constitution
Arizona Revised Statutes

Arkansas Constitution
Arkansas Code

California Constitution
California Code

Colorado Constitution
Colorado Code

Connecticut Constitution
Connecticut Code

Delaware Constitution & Delaware Code

District of Columbia

Florida Constitution
Florida Code

Georgia Constitution
Georgia Code

Hawaii Constitution
Hawaii

Idaho Constitution
Idaho Code

Illinois Constitution
Illinois Code

Indiana Constitution
Indiana Code

Iowa Constitution
Iowa Code

Kansas Constitution
Kansas Code

Kentucky Constitution
Kentucky Revised Statutes

Louisiana Constitution
Louisiana Code

Maine Constitution
Maine Code

Maryland Constitution
Maryland Code

Massachusetts Constitution
Massachusetts Code

Michigan Constitution
Michigan Code

Minnesota Constitution
Minnesota Code

Mississippi Constitution
Mississippi Code

Missouri Constitution
Missouri Revised Statutes

Montana Constitution
Montana Code

Nebraska Constitution
Nebraska Revised Statutes

Nevada Constitution
Nevada Code

New Hampshire Constitution
New Hampshire Statutes

New Jersey Constitution
New Jersey Revised Statutes

New Mexico Constitution
New Mexico Statutes

New York Constitution
New York Code

North Carolina Constitution
North Carolina General Statutes

North Dakota Constitution
North Dakota Code

Ohio Constitution
Ohio Code

Oklahoma Constitution
Oklahoma Code

Oregon Constitution
Oregon Revised Statutes

Pennsylvania Constitution
Pennsylvania Code

Rhode Island Constitution
Rhode Island Code

South Carolina Constitution
South Carolina Code

South Dakota Constitution
South Dakota Code

Tennessee Constitution
Tennessee Code

Texas Constitution & Code

Utah Constitution
Utah Code

Vermont Constitution
Vermont Statutes

Virginia Constitution
Virginia Code

Washington Constitution
Washington Code

West Virginia Constitution
West Virginia Code

Wisconsin Constitution
Wisconsin Code

Wyoming Constitution & Code